Zaouia, Zawiya (Arabic “corner”), zâwiya, is a Maghrebi and West African term for an Islamic religious school or monastery, roughly corresponding to the Eastern term “madrassa”. The zawiya often contains a pool, and sometimes a fountain.

The Hamadcha, Aïssawa and Gnawa Sufi orders are also very active in civic life.  Other zaouias which are linked to specific crafts and trade include the Tijâniyya, the Darqawiyya and the Qâdiriyya.

Chefchaouen has 11 zaouias and 17 mausoleums. The two most important zaouias are those of Moulay Ali Chekkor and Raisounia. The first zaouïa is marked by the tomb of Moulay Ali Chekkor who distinguished himself as a great protector of Arab-Andalusian music and religious songs.

Photographs of the Zaouias are as follows.


Zaouia Sidi Bouhari


Zaouia Aajiba



Zaouia Aissaouia Boutioui


Zaouia Aissaouia Mdakka


Zaouia Derkaoua


Zaouia Touhamia


Zaouia Alouia


Zaouia Tidjania


Zaouia Sidi Ali Chacour


Zaouia Derkaoua


Zaouia Aissaouia Haouta


Zaouia Naciria


Zaouia Raisounia


Miscellaneous Photographs


Detail of doorway into Zaouia Bouhari


Pathway leading to Zaouia Bouhari


Zaouia Naciria has been destroyed.  This is what remains behind the blue door.


Entry into Zouia Alouia.  Behind the curtain a women’s Quran group was being conducted.


Detail of doorway into Zaouia Aissaouia Haouta


Entry to Zaouia Aajiba


Detail of exterior doorway into Zaouia Bouhari


Detail of interior of Zaouia Bouhari