This is the second tranch of edits of files and these are from my Fuji GFX 50R.  This is a medium format mirrorless camera and capable of superior files than my Nikon D750.  Again these are of the Western Isles,  not from Orkney,  and not including Stone Circles…Archaeologists refer to ‘material culture’ which describes the finds they make during excavations from which conclusions can be drawn or inferred about previous life and culture.  I like to suggest that these images have a similar role;  interpretations can be drawn from them about the culture from which they derive.

There is a visual system which promotes signs and visualisations of culture in a similar way;  this is called semiotics.  Rather than seeing images pictorially,  it is possible to infer from them clues and intimations of a visual language signifying culture.  For artists and photographers Roland Barthes suggests the key is to make these images have ‘studium’ or ‘punctum’,  the latter a quality which emotionally punctures the viewer with emotion and empathy.  John Berger argued that viewers of images bring with them their own interpretation of images based upon their life experience and internalised references.  I find all of these elements interesting and relevant both in the creating and understanding of images..

Punctum and studium was defined by Roland Barthes in his book Camera Lucida.

John Berger’s book Ways of Seeing describes how people,  authorities, institutions develop their own ways of interpreting images and signs.


Here are the first edits of landscape/cultural photographs from my recent trip to the Western Isles, Scotland.  There are more to be added to this collection. They are all taken on my Nkon D750 except the final image which was taken on a Fuji GFX 50R.  There are more images from the Fuji to be added.

Click on an image for a carousel.