Dâr Damânah  :  Residence of the Shareefa of Ouezzane

Dâr Damânah : Residence of the Shareefa of Ouezzane

Below are extracts from   ‘My Life Story, Emily the Shareefa of Wazan’,  the remarkable account of Emily Keene’s marriage to the Sharif of Wazzan,  Hadj Ahmed Ben Abdeslam, an exalted and powerful religious leader in Morocco directly descended from the Prophet Mohammad,  published in 1912.

Arriving in Tangiers aged 21 in 1871,  she married the Sharif 2 years later,  bore him 2 sons and they divorced 14 years later.  They lived mostly in the Dâr Damânah, the zaouia and her own house in Tangiers,  as well as occasionally in zaouias in Algeria.  His former wives and children from those earlier marriages lived in Ouezzane.

The Sharif of Wazzan,  Hadj Ahmed Ben Abdeslam,  died in 1891 at the zaouia  Wazzâniyyah in Tangiers with Emily by his side.

These extracts provide fascinating insights into both their lives together and society in Morocco at that time,  including the beginning of their relationship,  the birth of their first born son Moulay Ali ben Abdeslam, who was to succeed his father as the Sharif in 1891,  the death and funeral of Lalla Heba,  the Sharif’s daughter from a former marriage, their own marital decline,  separation and eventual divorce.   The unique spiritual and secular role of the Sharif,  his relationship with his followers and provision for the poor is described.  The Sharifian dynasty and the origins of the town of Ouezzane is explained.   Information regarding the creation of  the concept of Dâr Damânah,  the House of Surety,  is also provided.  Also some of the common superstitions and cures of the day are considered.

Finally the Sharif’s death and burial,  and Emily’s experience of that,  is movingly documented.

Emily Keene died in 1944 in Tangiers.  A commemoration plate can be found in St Andrews church in Tangiers and she is interred in the cemetery of the Dâr Damânah in the Marshan.

The photographs in between the quotations are of the courtyard garden of Dâr Damânah in Ouezzane,  taken in September 2019.


Zaouias of Chefchaouen

Zaouias of Chefchaouen

Zaouia, Zawiya (Arabic “corner”), zâwiya, is a Maghrebi and West African term for an Islamic religious school or monastery, roughly corresponding to the Eastern term “madrassa”. The zawiya often contains a pool, and sometimes a fountain.

The Hamadcha, Aïssawa and Gnawa Sufi orders are also very active in civic life.  Other zaouias which are linked to specific crafts and trade include the Tijâniyya, the Darqawiyya and the Qâdiriyya.

Chefchaouen has 11 zaouias and 17 mausoleums. The two most important zaouias are those of Moulay Ali Chekkor and Raisounia. The first zaouïa is marked by the tomb of Moulay Ali Chekkor who distinguished himself as a great protector of Arab-Andalusian music and religious songs.